Pigment
 
It is a colorful soft coating material that is made up of organic or non organic substances. Characterized as:
• The ability to add color and a protective coat to any surface.
• Paint pigmentations are non toxic.
• Resistant to rust and erosion, light and high temperature.

Binder Materials

Binders are those elements that tie in the different components of paint with one another. Binders are made up of polymers and are responsible for ensuring that paint in fact sticks to the surface it is applied to. When using varnished paints it is the binding materials that in fact give these types of products their shiny effect.

Solvents

Solvents are liquid components in paint products varying in quantity amongst various paint products. Their role is to liquefy solid components without changing their chemical properties or the solids’ properties. 

Fillers

Fillers are powdered particle chemical that come in different sizes and shapes and made up of Calcium Carbonate and Talc. Their purposes are:

• Support main paints components in the cover-up factor.
• Reduce the level of transparency in the binders.
• Reduce the intensity.
• Their high absorbance rates are excellent reflectors of rays.
• Resist acids, rust and other environmental effects.

 

Additives

Additives are supporting substances that can be grouped into several types. They are used alongside other components of paint during production, storage, painting or dilution. Additive products include:
• Substances that formulate a protective coat once in contact with air.
• Supporting substances for paint spreading purposes.
• Substances used for preserving the paint from mould, fungus, and bacteria while being stored.
• A sediment barrier.
• A substance used to solidify paint faster, improves application and scratches resistance.